The Psychology of Attitudes

The Psychology of Attitudes


•    Most attempts to influence or persuade you focus on changing your attitudes toward an object, issue, or group of people. Why is this the case, and how do you

know when an attempt to change your attitudes has succeeded or failed? The Learning Resources provide information from leading researchers in the study of attitudes.

The material will help to define what an attitude is, why you develop and hold attitudes in the first place, the degree to which your attitudes are conscious or

unconscious, and how researchers can measure attitudes in order to determine when an influence strategy changes the way you think and feel about something.
To prepare for this assignment:
•    Review Chapter 2 in the course text, Persuasion: Psychological Insights and Perspectives, the article titled “Sources of Implicit Attitudes,” and the course

document, “Brief Historical Development of Influence and Persuasion,” focusing on the information on attitudes. Think about the following questions as you conduct your

review.
What is an attitude? What is an attitude object? What is a strong attitude and what determines its strength? What types of information underlie most attitudes?

What three functions are served by the attitudes you hold?

According to the article “Sources of Implicit Attitudes,” what are implicit attitudes, and how do they differ from explicit attitudes? How are implicit and

explicit attitudes formed?

Why measure attitudes? How do we measure attitudes? Carefully consider the pros and cons to using the following methods of attitude measurement:
?    Single-item direct measures
?    Multiple-item direct measures
?    Indirect measures based on behavior
?    Indirect measures based on judgmental biases
?    Physiological measures of attitudes
The assignment (1 page): APA style, No Plagiarism and must be cited using references provided and any other sources.
•    Answer the question: What is an attitude? After you define the concept, provide an example of an attitude toward a health topic, and describe the affective

and cognitive components of that attitude.
•    Describe a single-item direct measure of the attitude toward the health topic in the example above.
•    Describe two limitations or potential problems with single-item direct measures of attitudes, and describe how each can be solved. Be sure you define the

problem clearly before describing your solution
•    Describe a multiple item direct measure of the same health topic described above. Provide sufficient detail so the instructor can determine if the measure

avoids the problems you described.
Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those

resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.
References:
•    Course Text: Brock, T. C., & Green, M. C. (2005). Persuasion: Psychological insights and perspectives (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
o    Chapter 1, “Domains of Persuasion” (pp. 1–15)
o    Chapter 2, “Attitude Measurement” (pp. 17–40)
•    Article: Rudman, L. (2004). Sources of implicit attitudes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(2), 79–82.
Use the Academic Search Premier database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 12644333.
•    Course Document: “Brief Historical Development of Influence and Persuasion” Click here to download the document.
Web Site
•    F.A.C.T.net: Table 3.2, “Continuum of Influence and Persuasion”

http://factnet.org/node/1830/

 

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