Your executive summary should answer the following questions:
1) What core problem (or opportunity) is at the base of the adverse developments? How do you know? (This should be one sentence. It should be concisely stated and include some data to support your assertion that the problem is fundamental to the chain of negative outcomes that have occurred. This does not include a solution.)
2) Why is the problem worth solving? What has the problem cost in terms of lost revenue and performance? How does the problem interfere with the strategic plans of the organization, and how would its resolution support organizational goals?
3) What organizational systems are affected by the problem, and are likely to be involved in or affected by the solution?
Your responses will be assessed with respect to professionalism (grammar, spelling, word choice), clarity (can you communicate the issues clearly and succinctly?) and content (is it evident that you understand terms and capture the important issues?).
The case study below is a report summarizing the investigation into the 1996 explosion of the Ariane 5 launcher. A great deal of information is contained in this report; however, it may not sufficient to understand the strategic goals of the European Space Agency and the conditions which precipitated this launch.