Questions on architectural history

Provide 4 related provocative questions which are coming from lectures/readings about architectural history…………..


  1. Venturi, Scott and Brown, in their book “Learning from Las Vegas” (1972) study how symbolism in the architecture of Las Vegas acts as a form of architectural communication. The authors identify two forms of architecture; ugly and ordinary and heroic and original architecture. How have architects in other cities exploited symbolism and how has it influenced the aesthetic of their buildings? Can there exist buildings devoid of symbolism in today’s cities?
  2. Le Corbusier in his book, New World of Space (1948) writes about the release of aesthetic emotion as a special function of space and speaks of the fourth dimension inspired by cubism, which is “a victory in the proportions of everything” in what ways can architects incorporate the idea of the fourth dimension in their creations with a view of creating the effect of ineffable space?
  3. Banham, in The New Brutalism (1955), wrote that the new brutalism made a significant contribution to modern architecture at that time.  Was this contribution beneficial to architectural development in regard to the aesthetic aspect of the style?
  4. Banham in his article The New Brutalism (1955) defined the notion of image as one of the main characteristics of the architectural style. Furthermore he stressed that the only “conceptual” things might be considered to be “image makers” by citing paintings by Jackson Pollock and photographs displayed at the Parallel of Life and Art exhibition in Marseilles. Banham emphasized the importance of memorability of image over legibility of form, which Wittkower advanced. Does present day architecture adhere to this idea of precedence of image over form?



Banham, Reyner, (1955). The New Brutalism. Architectural Review. Vol 11p. Nov


Le Corbusier, (1948). New World of Space. New York: Reynel and Hitchcock. Pp 7-9

Venturi, R., Brown, D.S., and Izenour, S. (1972). Learning From Las Vegas. Cambridge: MIT

Press. PP3-9, 90-95


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