Psychology HITMAN STUDY
1) Be free of personal anecdotes or opinions that are not supported by previous research or the content of the
article. Never use 1st or 2nd
person pronouns (I, me, we, you, “in my opinion”, etc.).
2) Discuss only information covered in the article. Do not import information from other sources or personal
experiences, or make assumptions that are not supported by the data.
3) Demonstrate an understanding of theoretical and methodological issues addressed in the research.
4) Briefly summarize the underlying theory, the hypotheses, methods, results, and the authors’
interpretation of their findings.
5) Intelligently discuss the strengths and limitations of the research/article.
6) Demonstrate college-level writing: clear, concise, and error-free.
Before You Begin Writing…
• Read the article carefully and more than once. Take notes on the important points discussed below.
• Write up a detailed outline based on the important points you will cover in the CAR (see below).
Organize a logical sequence for presenting these ideas. Do NOT be repetitive.
• Do NOT list information, or use headings or subheadings, use complete sentences.
1) Only write up, write about, and discuss information covered in the article you are reviewing—do not import
information from other sources or personal experiences. Do not use first or second person pronouns (I, me, my, you,
2) At the top of your paper (after your name, date, etc.; before you start writing), give the reference, in APA-style, for
the article. EXAMPLE:
Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., Southamer-Loeber, M., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (1998). The development of male
offending: Key findings from the first decade of the Pittsburgh Youth Study. Studies on Crime and Crime
Prevention, 7(2), 141–171.
3) From the introduction: What is the general topic that this paper is addressing? What has previous research on this (or
related) topics demonstrated? What is the purpose of the research described in this paper?
4) What is/are the author(s) hypothesis/hypotheses (prediction of their results)?
5) Briefly describe the methods used to collect the data. Who were the participants? What did they have to do in this
study? What were the measures used to collect the data?
6) In general, what were the results of the study? For example, did one group score differently than another group on a
measure? Was there a relationship between two or more variables? Do the results support the hypotheses? You do
NOT have to describe the statistical methods used or correlation coefficients.
7) What is/are the major conclusions(s) drawn by the author(s) based on their findings? What are the implications of this
study, both in terms of future psychological research and for understanding behavior in the “real world”?
8) In your opinion, what are the strengths of this research?
9) In your opinion, what are the limitations of this research? What could the researchers have done differently to avoid
these limitations; or what studies could be done as follow-ups to this study to address these limitations? Tip: if you
criticize the paper for the sample that was used, you should speculate how this sample biased the results or limits the
generalizability of the findings.
10) Overall, what do you think about this research? How did the article enhance your understanding of human behavior
in a “real world” context?
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