Biodiversity, Extinction, and Making Choices inPolicy. Some people argue that since extinctions havealways taken place, they should be considered a natural process andthat the current extinction rates are not a matter of concern.Others point out that the preservation of biodiversity is essentialto the continuation of life on Earth and that human actions havegreatly accelerated the extinction rate. Should the policy processtake into consideration all competing positions – even when thosepositions would result in opposite policy outcomes – when creatingpolicy? Why or why not? If positions that resulted in oppositepolicy outcomes were reflected in our laws and policies, wouldthose policies and laws be effective? Why or why not?