Write ethical considerations and cultural and demographic influence surrounding the topic (nuclear arms testing).
This paper analyses the ethical issues relating to nuclear development and testing. It highlights the main areas of concern in nuclear industry and how they impacts on the society. It also discusses the cultural and demographic factors influenced by nuclear testing and development activities.
Ethical considerations in nuclear testing
Nuclear development and testing has raised a heated debate since the striking of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in 1945 causing massive damage to human race and the environment. Ethical issues relates to its spread, health and environmental, effects on poor population of the society and injustice to current and future generations and associated financial costs of setting up nuclear plant.
Despite the growing negative evidence about nuclear industry, it is worrying that many governments, scientists and economic leaders have continued to promote this industry with governments competing to develop nuclear weapons as away to show their military strengths. Nuclear development involves large financial costs which have impacted negatively on economic performances of many nations such as South Korea and Iran.
Possession of nuclear weapons, development and testing is viewed as immoral and unethical in today’s world. It posses a greater danger to survival of human race and compromises world peace and security. Given the huge possible damage, development of these weapons may be used to undermine world peace and eliminate human race. Good ethics demands that human development and integrity of human creation should be given priority over arms development which promotes insecurity and threatens human life, (ethics of nuclear power, n. d).
There are lies advanced by pro- nuclear developers, who claim that nuclear energy as a replacement of fossil fuel is the solution to global warming and that there is no connection between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. Studies have shown that nuclear fuel cycle also emits green house gasses. Radioactive wastes from nuclear reactors cannot be ignored for they adversely affect environment and human life especially in remote areas where they are disposed despite their high toxic content.
Uranium miners, soldiers attending to atomic bombs, communities in uranium areas and pacific islanders have been affected throughout the history of uranium materials, with some governments currently giving compensation for the damages they caused although they are coming very late. This injustice continues to be perpetuated by many governments today. Depleted uranium weapons continue to affect human race and environment especially in Afghanistan and Iraq today.
Nuclear secrecy is an ethical issue today with massive secret disposal of nuclear wastes in the Mediterranean and other water bodies, especially in China and US without public knowledge. Secrecy has been complemented with corruption in nuclear contracts and nuclear waste dumping in China.
Cultural issues in nuclear testing
Nuclear tests are crimes against humanity which results in many losses of innocent life of defenseless people. Community groups have been oppressed over the history of nuclear testing which have been likened to genocide and massacres of people through radio-active radiations. Communities residing in uranium and nuclear activity areas have been subjected to nuclear risks which led to family disintegrations.
Indigenous populations residing in areas of nuclear tests are subjected to attacks on their physical and genetic make ups. Dealings in nuclear weapons are considered as immoral and unethical in today’s society. It causes damage to the entire human race threatening peace and security of the society. Given the massive damage associated with nuclear materials, development of these weapons may be used to undermine world peace and eliminate human race. Good ethics demands that human development and integrity of human creation should be given priority over arms development which promotes insecurity and threatens human life.
Nuclear industry has taken religious dimension with some Muslim countries aiming to use nuclear weapons against non Muslim states, an example is Iran and South Korea who have vowed to wipe out Israel using nuclear weapons which they developing. Nukes in Muslim governments may use them to commit acts of genocide. Is some cases governments have intentionally dropped atomic blasts on civilians to test their impacts on human race; an example is US dropping on Rongelap people. Once idyllic territories have been converted to nuclear bombardments sites and dumping sites. Women are giving birth to deformed babies in many parts of the world that are exposed to nuclear activities, for instance in Marshal Island and Puerto Rico.
Nuclear industry affects all demographic trends of population. For instance, the use of nuclear weapons will destroy all human life in a given location irrespective of age and gender. According to Barrillot, B. (2007), nuclear tests are known to displace all people in a particular place where tests are carried out, example is Enewetak and Bikini inhabitants were all transferred in 1946.
Exposure to nuclear radiation has increased risks of cancer and Leukemia and genetic interference, with women giving birth to deformed kids in many parts. Incidences of breast, ovarian, colon, lung and thyroid cancer are high especially among women in areas prone to nuclear radiations. Cases of miscarriage and fetal malformations risks are high among women in nuclear prone areas.
Nuclear testing has raised a number of ethical issues in the society today. Although proponents highlight a number of reasons like reducing global warming and providing alternative form of clean energy, the society in general has recognized nuclear testing and development as unethical and immoral acts that pose a greater risk to human race. A number of governments have engaged in nuclear developments at the expense of its masses in attempt to achieve military power.
Barrillot, B. (2007): Human rights and the casualties of nuclear testing. Routledge Journal of Genocide Research (2007), 9(3), September, 443–459
Ethics of nuclear power, (n. d). [Online]. Obtained from: http://nuclear-news.net
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