Last year Hamdi Corp. had sales of $500,000, operating costs of $450,000, and year-end assets of $350,000. The debt-to-total-assets ratio was 17%, the interest rate on the debt was 7.5%, and the firm’s tax rate was 35%. The new CFO wants to see how the ROE would have been affected if the firm had used a 50% debt ratio. Assume that sales, operating costs, total assets, and the tax rate would not be affected, but the interest rate would rise to 8.0%. By how much would the ROE change in response to the change in the capital structure? 3.79% 3.69% 3.18% 3.53% 2.48% 20. What’s the present value of a 4-year ordinary annuity of $2,250 per year plus an additional $2,950 at the end of Year 4 if the interest rate is 5%? $11,133.74 $8,740.50 $10,405.36 $8,532.40 $12,590.49 Last year Harrington Inc. had sales of $325,000 and a net income of $19,000, and its year-end assets were $250,000. The firm’s total-debt-to-total-assets ratio was 67.5%. Based on the DuPont equation, what was the ROE? 21.98% 18.94% 23.38% 22.68% 22.22% 17. A new firm is developing its business plan. It will require $635,000 of assets, and it projects $450,000 of sales and $355,000 of operating costs for the first year. Management is reasonably sure of these numbers because of contracts with its customers and suppliers. It can borrow at a rate of 7.5%, but the bank requires it to have a TIE of at least 4.0, and if the TIE falls below this level the bank will call in the loan and the firm will go bankrupt. What is the maximum debt ratio the firm can use? (Hint: Find the maximum dollars of interest, then the debt that produces that interest, and then the related debt ratio.) 50.87% 59.34% 49.87% 62.34% 42.89% Last year Kruse Corp had $355,000 of assets, $403,000 of sales, $28,250 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 39%. The new CFO believes the firm has excessive fixed assets and inventory that could be sold, enabling it to reduce its total assets to $252,500. Sales, costs, and net income would not be affected, and the firm would maintain the same debt ratio (but with less total debt). By how much would the reduction in assets improve the ROE? 5.67% 5.30% 4.40% 4.18% 5.98% Last year Jandik Corp. had $325,000 of assets, $18,750 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 37%. Now suppose the new CFO convinces the president to increase the debt ratio to 48%. Sales and total assets will not be affected, but interest expenses would increase. However, the CFO believes that better cost controls would be sufficient to offset the higher interest expense and thus keep net income unchanged. By how much would the change in the capital structure improve the ROE? 2.19% 1.67% 1.57% 1.94% 2.17% Quigley Inc. is considering two financial plans for the coming year. Management expects sales to be $300,000, operating costs to be $265,000, assets to be $200,000, and its tax rate to be 35%. Under Plan A it would use 25% debt and 75% common equity. The interest rate on the debt would be 8.8%, but under a contract with existing bondholders the TIE ratio would have to be maintained at or above 3.2. Under Plan B, the maximum debt that met the TIE constraint would be employed. Assuming that sales, operating costs, assets, the interest rate, and the tax rate would all remain constant, by how much would the ROE change in response to the change in the capital structure? 7.10% 7.40% 8.21% 8.73% 7.25% Your aunt has $350,000 invested at 5.5%, and she now wants to retire. She wants to withdraw $45,000 at the beginning of each year, beginning immediately. She also wants to have $50,000 left to give you when she ceases to withdraw funds from the account. For how many years can she make the $45,000 withdrawals and still have $50,000 left in the end? 9.47 10.76 13.35 11.41 12.38,Just wanted to let you know I have 40min before I have to submit so please send what you have by then. Thanks