How To Set Up Chapter 2 In Your Dissertation

It has been my experience that many students ask for dissertation help only after they have lost up to a year of time while working on their dissertation Chapter 2, the Review of the Literature. Because in writing a doctoral dissertation, any interesting subject has multiple sub topics, each of which is equally interesting. The branches can seem endless. Step 1. There is no way to get around it, you have to do a lot of reading to finish a lit review. Most universities will require at least 75 peer-reviewed articles and books of primary sources to support this chapter alone. The important time saver will be to take good notes in reference software such as EndNote as you read. Be sure to watch for topics that are relevant to what you want to study, as these become your chapter subheadings. Step 2. Once you have your reading done (and you know that you have finished when everything you read tells you something you have heard before), then you are ready to start your paper or chapter.

It’s also wise to look at published documents and see what subheadings those authors used. This will give you a solid overview of where you are going with this writing. This is usually a crucial step that needs your full attention. Do it in this way: Look up sample headings and incorporate them in the outline you are establishing for your writing. Merge, rewrite or shift them around as suits your topic. The reason why is that if you do not| plot all that is required by this chapter you are likely to leave something out. Step 3. Start to write by opening up your reference software and reviewing ONLY those articles stashed under the subheading you are writing to. Write to one subtopic at a time, merging what all the authors said into one coherent whole and then going back and citing the specific thoughts that came from one author.

The rest of the merged ideas you should attribute to a group citation that includes authors that contributed to the ideas within this section. What we are doing here is to move beyond the preliminary style of lit review that is more like a book report. Additionally, it is to cite and reference all the authors that are contributing to your ideas whenever possible. Step 4. I personally recommend that one of your sections outlines your thinking and the literature that has led to your selection of methodology for your research. While you will clarify this further in a dissertation in chapter 3, in the lit review you set the stage for how this set of methods and the theoretical constructs behind it will contribute to a study on this topic. Step 5. Write it all out. Let it sit for a few days and then go back and edit for grammar and content.

A good practice for revising thesis sentences is to examine each word and phrase of the sentence and consider if that word or phrase is as precise as it can be. Consider the following thesis sentence: “Community service is a good thing for communities because it helps society improve.” This has a basic idea, but it’s not very specific. First, the word “good” is too vague. This writer should determine exactly what type of “good” community service does for communities. The same is true for the word “improve.” This sentence should explain how society improves through community service. All college students must learn how to write a thesis, which is a statement or group of statements that expresses the main point or argument of a piece of writing. Every documentwhether it’s a three-page essay or a multi-volume bookwill have a thesis. Learning how to write theses well is an essential skill for college writing. To write a thesis is to make an assertion, which is a bold statement of idea, opinion, or argument. It is confident and precise.

Therefore, although to complete a thesis is to present one’s own idea or opinion, it isn’t the same as merely expressing oneself. These aren’t theses; they’re only expressions of self. A thesis must transform that expression into an assertion that the writer presents as a true statement that can be logically defended. For example, if one were to complete a critical assertion on one’s belief that Beethoven was a better composer than Mozart, one wouldn’t say: “I think that Beethoven was a better composer than Mozart.” This is self-expression. To write theses well, one must perform a process of multiple revisions. Revising the thesis requires carefully considering each word and phrase and determining if that word or phrase is assertive and precise. It also requires determining whether or not the claims the thesis makes are valid, defendable, and complex enough about which to write. One can’t write theses on definitive facts such as “A foot consists of twelve inches,” because there’s nothing to say. Similarly, a thesis can’t assert that “There are fourteen deities on Mars” because that thesis can’t be defended using any valid scholarly document.