HIV in Australia

HIV in Australia

? A report card of 1500 -2000w( not more ) references and graphs are not counted .
? Provide information on the epidemiology and risk factors for HIV/AIDS in
? Australia, , and particular at-risk populations within Australia.

? you must ensure the report card has a public health focus and not a clinical focus such as the public health actions that government is taking to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDs in Australia and in particular subpopulation group.
? assessment/critique of the public health actions such as “The Australian government is doing x, which has been successful and resulted in an increase .
? raise issues of continuing concern and areas for which further policy response may be required.
? identify areas where more work needs to be done
? An important source of information should be government policy documents
? diagrams and charts as necessary
? Use APA reference system.

Outlines and paragraphs:
1. HIV in Australia in general(epidemiology and risk factors)+graph.
2. All priority population groups,( the 7 groups should be included) such as men who have six with men and injection drug users, with new statistic and reasons of increase or decrease in the statistics +graph.
3. public health actions that government is taking to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDs in Australia (i.e. the strategy or the policy + the effect of the strategy with statistic if available+ critique the strategy)
4. the public health actions in particular subpopulation groups +critique the action, such as “The Australian government is doing x, which has been successful and resulted in an increase??.?.
5. you can use some states to give examples.
6. conclusion of the overall response of Australia to HIV with summery of the current policies and situation.
7. Proper and accurate referencing of all information, graphs and data
8. Use at least 10 references
Down there is a list of important references to use.
References to use:
1. Sixth National HIV Strategy 2010?2013 – Department of Health$File/hiv.pdf

In page 118 I wont to use the table that Estimate the number of people living with diagnosed HIV infection in 2012 by State/Territory of HIV diagnosis and sex
And use this part of report to talk about subpopulation groups:
HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in
selected populations

3.HIV-AIDS – Public Health Association of Australia

4.Australian aid: Approaches to HIV/AIDS



Legal and policing issues:
Across Australia there have generally been agreements negotiated to the effect that Police will not
operate in a way that discourages drug users from accessing NSP services. However it is still
sometimes reported that, for whatever reason, there is a greater or more obvious Police presence near
NSP outlets or outreach activity that compromises their capacity to function effectively. During the
present study this point was raised in particular in relation to the Nunkuwarrin Yunti Indigenous
outreach service in Adelaide.
In general, as a matter of policy, NSP services are not widely advertised or publicised. Information on
where to find NSP outlets is thus spread largely by word-of-mouth. Some people have commented, for
example, that out-of-town IDUs seeking clean needles may well visit places such as hospital
Emergency Departments, since they do not know where to find more specialised local outlets. . Some
stakeholders made the point that disadvantage and marginalisation could be both a trigger for drug use
in the first place, and also a factor in unsafe injecting behaviour. 7.

? Improved HIV testing rates may result in a rise in the annual number of HIV
notifications. However, this will reduce the pool of undiagnosed infection in
the community, and if treated will lead to reduced onward transmission.
? Condom use has been widely promoted and adopted in the communities most at risk of HIV in NSW, and remains central to preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.
? The NSW Needle and Syringe Program has proven to be highly effective in preventing the transmission of HIV and other infections through injecting drug use.
? Research has shown that for every $1 invested in HIV prevention, the NSW Government has saved $13 dollars in clinical care costs.
? HIV treatments can now not only save the lives of those treated, but help prevent infections in the first place.





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