EDU 335: Curriculum Development and Language Learning in the ESL Classroom

Exam No. 1 (100 points)

Name:  Marion Baptiste__    Date:  2/25/15____________________

Part I:  Multiple Choice:  Read each statement carefully and select the best choice by writing the letter next to each number.  (30 items x 1 point = 30 Points)

_____1)    An eighth grade social studies teacher elects to have a barbeque for his students to celebrate their promotion to ninth grade. At the event he teaches the students how to do square dancing. Of the curriculum theorists below, which is the only one that would consider this activity part of the curriculum?

(A)    Caswell and Campbell

(B)    Dewey

(C)    Popham and Baker

(D)    Tyler

_____2)    Of the theorists below, with respect to descriptions of curriculum, which is most strongly constructivist in nature?

(A)    Brown

(B)    Hass

(C)    Ragan

(D)    Tanner and Tanner

_____3)    The definition of curriculum used in the text includes all of the following except

(A)    Actualization of plans in the classroom

(B)    Grades earned after plan actualization

(C)    Plans made for guiding learning

(D)    Retrievable documents

_____4)    Which of the following does not belong with the other three?

(A)    Learned curriculum

(B)    Perceived curriculum

(C)    Recommended curriculum

(D)    Tested curriculum

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

_____5)    Which factors are not impacting the recommended curriculum?

(A)    Decline in achievement in American Schools

(B)    Technology

(C)    NCLB

(D)    Teachers’ pre-service training

_____6)    Recommended curriculum:  Ideological curriculum:

(A)    Experimental curriculum:  Perceived curriculum

(B)    Operational curriculum:  Formal curriculum

(C)    Tested curriculum:  Supported curriculum

(D)    Written curriculum:  Formal curriculum

_____7)    Which of the following is not probably a major function of the written curriculum?

(A)    Controlling

(B)    Mediating

(C)    Rationalizing

(D)    Standardizing

_____8)    Principals often believe controlling the curriculum is an important management  responsibility.  Waters, Marzano, and McNulty (2003) point to the following as effects of instruction and student achievement:

(A)    Principals should be directly involved in the design and  implementation of curriculum

(B)    Principals should provide teachers with oversight necessary to execute their roles

(C)    Allow teachers freedom to design their own curriculum

(D)    Ensure teachers are in the classrooms from bell to bell

_____9)    A new principal believes to support the curriculum it is necessary to require all teachers to maintain total congruence between the written curriculum, the taught curriculum, and the tested curriculum. The principal is

(A)    Correct

(B)    Incorrect because teachers need some flexibility

(C)    Incorrect because there is little relationship between taught and  tested

(D)    Incorrect because s/he is only responsible for supporting curriculum

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

_____10)     Which one of the statements below is most likely a curriculum goal?

(A)    All students should write well-structured essays

(B)    All students relate well to cultural diversity

(C)    The learner will correctly identify the five largest cities in the state

(D)    Teachers will use appropriate teaching strategies

____11)    Below are listed various movements in curriculum history. Which one is out of chronological sequence?

(A)    Academic Scientism

(B)    Technological Constructionism

(C)    Progressive Functionalism

(D)    Developmental Conformism

____12)    Most people consider John Dewey the father of progressive education, but Dewey himself considered the father of progressive education to be

(A)    Bobbitt

(B)    Hall

(C)    Mann

(D)    Parker

____13)    At one time in the past, a candidate for a seat on the Board of Education gave a speech in which she said: “We have stressed academics too long, it is about time we stress the importance of the child.” Below are four sets of terms that are specific to the various curriculum trends. Which set represents the statement of the candidate?

(A)    Academic Scientism to Progressive Functionalism

(B)    Developmental Conformism to Scholarly Structuralism

(C)    Privatistic Conservatism to Romantic Radicalism

(D)    Romantic Radicalism to Modern Conservatism

____14)    In thinking about the Committee of Ten and the Reorganization of Secondary Education that produced the “seven cardinal principles” the most significant difference is

(A)    Committee of Ten included math; Reorganization did not

(B)    Committee of Ten was more vocationally oriented

(C)    Reorganization assumed high school was for everyone

(D)    Reorganization assumed elementary schools should add algebra

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

____15)    Which of the following “developmental tasks” does not fit below with the other three?

(A)    Learning to distinguish right from wrong

(B)    Learning physical skills necessary for games

(C)    Learning appropriate gender roles

(D)    Learning to get along with age-mates

____16)    Ralph Tyler suggested three sources of information in determining what educational purposes should be included in curriculum. All of the following are appropriate sources except

(A)    Studies of business needs

(B)    Studies of contemporary life outside of school

(C)    Studies of the learners

(D)    Suggestions from subject experts

____17)    Piaget talked about psychological developmental stages based on approximate chronological time-spans.  The age-range between 7 and 11 is called:

(A)    Preoperational

(B)    Sensorimotor

(C)    Concrete operational

(D)    Formal operational

____18)    In The American High School Today James B. Conant recommended:

(A)    All students should take three years of mathematics

(B)    All students should take two years of science

(C)    All students should take four years of one foreign language

(D)    All students should have a senior course in American Problems

____19)    The “open classrooms” of the “Romantic Radicalism” curricula movement was characterized by:

(A)    Absence of walls in the classrooms

(B)    Emphasis on a rich learning environment

(C)    Students were allowed to attend the classroom of their choice

(D)    Teachers could determine their curriculum in an open setting

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

___20)        If John Holt were designing a school it would probably:

(A)    Allow individual teachers to teach what they wanted

(B)    Have a loosely structured school-based curriculum

(C)    Provide a scope and sequence with suggested activities

(D)    Require specific instructional objectives determined by the teacher

___21)    Those who believe in the “Received View” of scientific theories maintain that a theory must have which of the following characteristics?

(A)    Deductively connected bundles of laws

(B)    Based on a large number of concepts

(C)    Axioms need not show relationships

(D)    Experimentally determined

___22)    Curriculum theory can provide conceptual tools for all but which of the following?

(A)      Analyzing curriculum proposals

(B)    Reviewing theory

(C)    illuminating practice

(D)    guiding reform

___23)    Most contemporary philosophers of science have three legitimate purposes. Which of the following is not one of those purposes?

(A)    to predict

(B)    to explain

(C)    to analyze

(D)    to describe

___24)    Below are various theorists who have attempted to categorize curriculum theories ands theorists. The one formulation that is better, though perhaps not perfect, was developed by

(A)    Eisner and Vallance

(B)    Huenecke

(C)    McNeil

(D)    Pinar

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

___25)    The textbook authors identify four types of curriculum theories. Which type below is not one of the types?

(A)    Content-oriented theories

(B)    Product-oriented theories

(C)    Structure-oriented theories

(D)    Value-oriented theories

___26)    People who are concerned about the levels of curriculum decision making are probably.

(A)    Content-oriented theories

(B)    Product-oriented theories

(C)    Structure-oriented theories

(D)    Value-oriented theories

___27)    Apple (1975) did not include which of the following in his explanation of hegemony?

(A)    narrow and strict view of science

(B)    rationality and empirical data focus

(C)    political focus

(D)    ignores relationship between science and art

___28)    During the past three decades, three major child-centered curriculum movements have occurred, which of the following is not one of them?

(A)    Structures of Discipline

(B)    Affective Education

(C)    Open Education

(D)    Developmental Education

___29)        In developmental education

(A)    Predetermined instructional objectives are essential

(B)    Activities are developed to cause mild frustration

(C)    Content challenge is not important

(D)    Teacher is seen as an adapter of curriculum

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

___30)    A new assistant principal maintains that s(he) is a strong believer in a knowledge-centered curriculum and as such child development is not important, but the knowledge-centered approach will improve chances of doing well on state mandated tests. The assistant principal is

(A)    Correct

(B)    Incorrect because child development is most important in  curriculum

(C)    Incorrect because knowledge is not related to mandated tests

(D)    Incorrect because child development is less important than knowledge

Part II:  True or False:  Read each statement carefully and determine if the statement is “True” or “False”.  On the line next to each item write out “True or False”.

____31.    According to Margaret Evens, schools are in a poor position to model diverse communities.

____32.    There is frequently a great deal of lobbying with respect to education at both the national and state levels.

____33.    The principal at the elementary school level is usually more involved in curricula issues than a secondary school principal.

____34.    Even today teachers can more or less dictate their curriculum.

____35.    Block grants to states, rather than categorical awards, were initiated under Secretary of Education William Bennett.

____36.    With Modern Privatistic Conservatism there is a push to have all students perform alike.

____37.    The focus on annual yearly progress, narrow standards, and NCLB’s political grip on education reflects a shared vision about the future.

____38.    In general, states mandate the minimum length of a school year.

____39.    The state with the toughest textbook adoption rules is California.

____40.    Many educators today believe the emphasis of curriculum should be on textbooks.

Name: ______________________________    Date: _____________________________

____41.    Curriculum planning is at the heart of school reform.

____42.    Conducting a needs assessment could involve standardized tests.

____43.    A planning calendar extends from 7 to 10 years.

____44.    Most important curricula decisions are made at the federal level.

____45.    One teacher and one parent from each school curriculum council should also serve on the district advisory council.

____46.    Once a checklist is issued to determine existing responsibilities it is not appropriate to make changes.

____47.    Leadership and planning are common threads in successful K-12 curriculum

____48.    All educational goals are curriculum-based.

____49.    A curriculum data base team can be beneficial in translating national and state standards into academic performance standards.

____50.    There are eight types of items that should be included in a district planning calendar.

Part III Essay Questions:  There are four essays provided. Read each one carefully and select two out of the four to respond.  (2 essays x 25 points = 50 points)

Essay Question No. 1:  In 1981 Saylor, Alexander, and Lewis made a distinction between de jure policy and de facto policy. Construct an essay explaining the difference and why it might be useful today.

Essay Question No. 2:  There are different sub-groups of professionals who believe is society-centered curricula, but have different perspectives on what that means. In today’s world of accountability which of the sub-groups do you think can satisfy NCLB, which cannot and why?

Essay Question No. 3:  Identify and explain the forces that caused a shift in curriculum leadership after 2003. In your essay explain the types of changes that took place.

Essay Question No. 4:  The textbook maintains that the teacher and textbook should be resources in learning and as such there can be in-depth understanding of content. Does this view conflict with NCLB testing requirements? Explain.

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