AL QAEDA TERROR GROUP
Al-Qaeda is an Arabic word used to describe a terrorist group that operates globally that was formed by its leader Osama bin laden way back in the year 1989.it is mainly made of Muslims of the Sunni group and is made of an army that operates in many nations but does not belong to any country specifically. This group has been accused of many atrocities that include the bombing of the US and its embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998 and the bombing. The group has been growing in numbers since then to date. This group is characterized by the use of suicide bombing and ensuring that their targets are bombed at the same time. This group has members who have sworn to do whatever is asked of them by their leader Osama bin laden. The training of these individuals is done in Afghanistan, Pakistan or Iraq they are driven by the urge to ensure that the whole world professes to the Muslim faith. They belief that the Jews and Christians are united to destroy them.( Bergen, 2006)
The organization of the group
The group was initially organized in such a way that all decisions are made from one central point. But with the current developments the group has had to centre its offices in most area of the world. Despite this, most experts felt that as much as the offices are decentralized, the people receive the orders from their superior, Mr. Osama. They further believe that as much as the group was united with a common goal at first, they have to disintegrate and form so many small groups (Fawaz G ,2005).
There is little information about its leadership as provided by Jamal al Fadl. It is believed that Osama was the commander of the group. But since the execution of Osama his deputy took over the leadership of the group. By august 2010, the recognized leader of the group was Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah. (Fawaz G, 2005)
According to the information obtained from the Saif al-Adel’s document that outlines the strategies of the group up to the year 2020, the following were the strategies. First they were to provoke the US into action so that the US can affect any muslim country. They were also to incite the citizens to reject any military forces from entering their country. Consequently, they were to increase the possibility of fighting with the US by increasing their coverage area. They were also to increase the activities so that by the time US finishes dealing with them, they will be exhausted. . (Grier P, Faye B, 2004).
Most of the support came from the original leaders own wealth. It was assumed that Osama had a wealth that was about $3000 million. This group also derives its support from the people who believe in their ideology and also their illegal dealings in heroin. (Grier P, Faye B ,2004).
The group has been disintegrating with time and as at now most of the splinter groups have their own leaders. One of the groups that have been in the fore front in the fight of corruption is the US. This began immediately after the US bombing. They worked in collaboration with the alliance for north afghan to remove all the Taliban’s from the leadership in Afghanistan.
Bergen (2006) .Wright indirectly quotes one of the documents,
based on an exhibit from the “Tareek Osama” document presented, p. 75.
Fawaz A Gerges, (2005). The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global. Cambridge University Press. Grier P Faye Bowers ,2004).
“Iraq’s bin Laden? Zarqawi’s rise”. Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0514/p03s01-usfp.html. Retrieved 2007-07-13.